saudi royal family tree

Saudi Royal Family Tree

In my experience, delving into the Saudi Royal Family Tree is akin to unravelling a grand tapestry of history. My expertise in Middle Eastern royal lineages has brought me face to face with the intricate connections within this family.

I believe that each name, each individual in the tree is a living chronicle of the kingdom’s legacy. As I traced the lineage from the formidable Muhammad bin Saud to the present King Salman, I realized that every prince and princess carries a part of the narrative that shaped the modern nation.

This family isn’t just a dynasty; it’s a testament to the enduring power of heritage.

NameFamily StatusRelated To
Ibn Saud (Abdulaziz Al Saud)Founder
King SalmanKingSon of Ibn Saud
Mohammed bin Salman (MBS)Crown PrinceSon of King Salman
Sultan bin SalmanAstronaut/PrinceSon of King Salman
Fahd of Saudi ArabiaFormer KingSon of Ibn Saud
Abdullah of Saudi ArabiaFormer KingSon of Ibn Saud
Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al SaudFormer Crown PrinceSon of Ibn Saud
Turki bin Abdullah Al SaudBusinessman/PrinceSon of Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Mutaib bin AbdullahMinister/PrinceSon of Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Khalid of Saudi ArabiaFormer KingSon of Ibn Saud
Mishal bin Abdulaziz Al SaudPrinceSon of Ibn Saud
Mishaal bin AbdullahPrinceSon of Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Bandar bin Sultan Al SaudDiplomat/PrinceSon of Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Faisal of Saudi ArabiaFormer KingSon of Ibn Saud
Saud of Saudi ArabiaFormer KingSon of Ibn Saud
Talal bin Abdulaziz Al SaudPrince/BusinessmanSon of Ibn Saud
Alwaleed bin TalalBusinessman/PrinceSon of Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Khaled al-FaisalGovernor/PrinceSon of King Faisal
Saud Al FaisalFormer Foreign MinisterSon of King Faisal
Mohammed bin NayefFormer Crown PrinceSon of Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Turki bin Faisal Al SaudDiplomat/PrinceSon of King Faisal
Faisal bin Bandar Al SaudGovernor/PrinceRelated to Ibn Saud (cousin of King Salman)
Abdulaziz bin FahdBusinessman/PrinceSon of King Fahd
Sultan bin AbdulazizFormer Crown PrinceSon of Ibn Saud
Sara bint Faisal Al SaudPrincessDaughter of King Faisal

Key Takeaways

  • The Saudi royal family’s origins can be traced back to Muhammad bin Saud who established the first Saudi state in 1727, with the spread of Wahhabism playing a significant role in their rise to power.
  • The line of succession in Saudi Arabia historically transitions from brother to brother, but Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the son of King Salman, is poised to lead the kingdom, indicating a potential shift in the succession tradition.
  • The Saudi royal family has had key alliances with the United States, with King Abdulaziz forging a pivotal alliance in 1945, and King Salman favoring Western alliances during his reign.
  • Power dynamics and influence within the Saudi royal family are influenced by factors such as loyalty, unity, economic control, and strategic planning, with the family’s control over vast economic resources playing a significant role in their ability to navigate challenges.

Founding and Expansion

You’ll discover that the House of Saud’s founding and expansion began with Muhammad bin Saud’s establishment of the first Saudi state in 1727, rooted in military conquests and the spread of Wahhabism. This ambitious leader forged a critical alliance with the preacher Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, which set the foundation for a powerful state.

Later, Abdulaziz ibn Saud played a pivotal role in shaping the modern kingdom of Saudi. He restored Saudi rule in Riyadh and, after the Siege of Mecca, consolidated his power by overcoming the Ottoman Empire’s influence and the rival Al Rashidis. In 1932, he united his territories, proclaiming the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The descendants of Abdulaziz carry on his legacy, with each Saud as heir navigating the complex dynamics of their royal lineage.

Key Monarchs and Leaders

Dive into the lineage of Saudi monarchs, where you’ll encounter a succession of leaders who’ve shaped the nation’s destiny from its inception. The first king of Saudi, King Abdulaziz ibn Saud, laid the foundation in 1932, forging a pivotal alliance with the United States in 1945. His successors, including King Saud, King Faisal, and King Abdullah, continued to influence the kingdom’s trajectory. King Salman, the current King of Saudi Arabia, ascended the throne in 2015, favoring Western alliances.

Crown Prince Salman, prior to his reign, and Crown Prince Nayef, known for his security acumen, played crucial roles. Today, Crown Prince Abdullah’s legacy lives on through reform-minded Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz’s contributions remain significant. Each leader has left an indelible mark on Saudi Arabia’s history.

Line of Succession

Understanding the Saudi royal family tree is crucial as you consider the line of succession, which has historically transitioned from brother to brother since the nation’s founding by King Abdulaziz. The Al Saud family has maintained a unique order of succession, often prioritizing seniority and consensus among the royals.

  • Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman: King Salman’s son, poised to lead the Saudi kingdom into the next generation.
  • Former Crown Prince Mohammad bin Nayef: Once seen as the future King, now replaced and serving as Deputy Crown Prince.
  • The Next Generation: A shift in the traditional line of succession to embrace youth and reform.

As you delve into this intricate web, it’s essential to understand that the current Crown Prince Mohammed bin isn’t only the face of modernization but also the architect of a potentially new era for the Al Saud family.

Branches and Notable Members

Exploring the branches of the House of Saud, you’ll encounter notable figures such as Faisal bin Salman, governor of the Medina region, and Bandar bin Sultan al Saud, a former ambassador to the United States. Descendants of King Abdulaziz Al Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia, these Al Sauds wield significant influence.

The late Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz was a central figure, as is Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, a former crown prince. Prince Saud, Prince Faisal, and Prince Khalid are all scions of this vast family tree. Saud bin Nayef holds a governorship, while Prince Sultan bin Salman has made history in space exploration.

Each member represents a branch of the family’s far-reaching power in the kingdom.

Power Dynamics and Influence

As you consider the branches and notable members of the House of Saud, it’s clear that their power dynamics and influence stem from a complex interplay of familial ties, political maneuvers, and economic control. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is shaped by the actions of the Saudi royal family, where a power struggle isn’t just a possibility—it’s a historical reality.

  • Succession Nuances: The shift from Crown Prince Fahd to de facto power displays the strategic planning within the family.
  • Inner Circle Politics: King Salman’s consolidation of power highlights the importance of loyalty and unity among full brothers and close relatives.
  • Economic Leverage: Control over vast economic resources bolsters the family’s ability to navigate political challenges and maintain their grip on the Kingdom.

Modernising the Monarchy

You’ll find that the modernization of the Saudi monarchy is intricately connected to key reforms and strategic appointments within the royal family tree. King Salman’s rise to power marked a pivot towards modernizing the monarchy, with a focus on economic diversification and social changes. His son, Mohammed bin Salman, as Deputy Crown Prince, championed Saudi Vision 2030, an ambitious framework for reducing the kingdom’s dependence on oil and transforming its economy.

Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s reforms have sparked significant change, including granting women the right to drive. These strides reflect a broader commitment to modernize and adapt the monarchy to contemporary norms.

The Saudi royal family is navigating a course towards a more progressive and economically diverse future, reshaping their legacy and the nation’s trajectory.

Are There Any Connections Between the Saudi and Norwegian Royal Families?

Yes, there are connections in the Norwegian royal family tree to the Saudi royal family through marriage. Crown Prince Haakon of Norway married Mette-Marit Tjessem Hoiby, who had a previous relationship with a man connected to the Saudi royal family. This created some controversy at the time of their engagement.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who Is the Richest Family in Saudi Arabia?

You’re wondering who tops the wealth charts in Saudi Arabia? It’s the House of Saud, with an immense net worth that reaches up to $3 trillion, making them the nation’s wealthiest family.

Where Did Saudi Royal Family Come From?

You’re wondering about the origins of the Saudi royal family; they hail from the Arabian Peninsula, descending from Muhammad bin Saud, the founder of the first Saudi state in the 18th century.

How Many Members Are There in Saudi Royal Family?

You’re looking at a vast network; the Saudi royal family has between 10,000 to 20,000 members, with around 2,000 wielding significant power. Every male relative holds the title of Emir.

Who Is Next in Line to Be King of Saudi Arabia?

You’re probably wondering who’s next in line to be king of Saudi Arabia. It’s Mohammed bin Salman, the current Crown Prince, known for his efforts to modernize the country and reduce its oil dependency.


You’ve explored the intricate Saudi Royal Family Tree, tracing its roots from Muhammad bin Saud to the influential Abdulaziz lineage.

You’ve grasped the key monarchs shaping Saudi history and the line of succession that ensured a stable transfer of power.

You’ve recognized the various branches and influential members who hold sway within the kingdom.

You’ve also seen how Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is steering the monarchy towards modernity, adapting to a rapidly changing world.