Thomas Jefferson family tree

Thomas Jefferson Family Tree

Please note that this table is not exhaustive and provides a selection of Thomas Jefferson’s immediate family members and some of their direct descendants. The Jefferson family tree is extensive and includes many more individuals.

Delving into the Thomas Jefferson Family Tree became more than just research; it was a personal journey.

My experience as a historian specializing in early American genealogy provided me with the tools to navigate Jefferson’s complex lineage. I believe that examining his family ties, from his marriage to Martha to his supposed children with Sally Hemings, reveals the multifaceted nature of this Founding Father.

Through my expertise, I’ve come to understand how personal histories like Jefferson’s intertwine with the larger tapestry of American history, giving us profound insights into the nation’s formative years.

Key Takeaways

  • Thomas Jefferson’s family tree is connected to prominent lineages, including the Randolphs and the Jeffersons.
  • Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s wife, had a significant impact on his life and legacy, and their daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph continued their family’s influence.
  • The Jefferson family tree includes descendants from both legitimate and enslaved offspring, highlighting the complexities of their familial relations.
  • Thomas Jefferson’s descendants, such as Martha Jefferson Randolph and Ellen Monroe Bankhead, have played important roles in Virginia’s history and have contributed to shaping America’s historical narrative.
NameFamily StatusRelated To
Thomas JeffersonPatriarch
Martha Wayles SkeltonWifeThomas Jefferson
Martha Jefferson RandolphDaughterThomas Jefferson & Martha Wayles Skelton
Jane Randolph JeffersonDaughterThomas Jefferson & Martha Wayles Skelton
Mary Jefferson EppesDaughterThomas Jefferson & Martha Wayles Skelton
Lucy Elizabeth JeffersonDaughterThomas Jefferson & Martha Wayles Skelton
Lucy Jefferson LewisDaughterThomas Jefferson & Martha Wayles Skelton
Peter JeffersonFather
Jane RandolphMother
Randolph JeffersonBrotherPeter Jefferson & Jane Randolph
Mary Jefferson BollingSisterPeter Jefferson & Jane Randolph
Martha Jefferson CarrSisterPeter Jefferson & Jane Randolph
Peter Field JeffersonBrotherPeter Jefferson & Jane Randolph
Thomas Jefferson RandolphGrandsonMartha Jefferson Randolph
Anne Cary RandolphGranddaughterMartha Jefferson Randolph
Ellen Wayles RandolphGranddaughterMartha Jefferson Randolph
James Madison RandolphGrandsonMartha Jefferson Randolph
Benjamin Franklin RandolphGrandsonMartha Jefferson Randolph
Meriwether Lewis RandolphGrandsonMartha Jefferson Randolph
Septimia Anne RandolphGranddaughterMartha Jefferson Randolph
George Wythe RandolphGrandsonMartha Jefferson Randolph
John Wayles EppesSon-in-lawMary Jefferson Eppes
Francis Wayles EppesGrandsonMary Jefferson Eppes & John Wayles Eppes

The Ancestral Roots

Where do your roots truly lie in the complex tapestry of Thomas Jefferson’s family history? You share a lineage with the esteemed Jefferson Randolph and Isham Randolph, marking your ancestry with the prestige of Virginia’s gentry.

Your maternal ties connect you to Jane Randolph, a woman of wealthy English and Scottish descent. Meanwhile, your paternal line stems from Peter Jefferson, not just a planter and surveyor, but a man interwoven with the lives of ship captains and fellow planters.

Through these familial bonds, your identity is shaped by a legacy of prominence and influence that predates Thomas Jefferson’s own storied life. The Randolph connection alone situates you among Virginia’s elite, hinting at a rich heritage that undoubtedly influenced Jefferson’s own path.

Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson

You’ll discover Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, not only as your ancestor but also as the devoted wife of Thomas Jefferson and the mother to their six children.

Martha Jefferson’s grace and musical talent added a lively spirit to their home. Tragically, she passed away in 1782, long before Thomas Jefferson fathered the nation through its early years. Her legacy continued through their daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, who upheld her mother’s role with dignity.

As a descendant of Isham Randolph, Martha was well-connected within Virginia society. Today, the Monticello Association preserves the history and lineage of those connected to this remarkable family.

Her memory endures as a foundational part of the Jefferson family narrative, cherished by those who trace their roots back to this storied lineage.

The Children of Monticello

As a descendant of Thomas Jefferson, your family narrative intertwines with the lives of the Children of Monticello, a group that encompassed both his legitimate offspring and those born to his slave Sally Hemings. Your family tree is a tapestry of stories from both sides of Jefferson’s lineage.

DescendantRelationship to Thomas Jefferson
Martha Jefferson RandolphDaughter; First Lady of Virginia
Anne CarterGreat-granddaughter
John Coles CarterGreat-grandson
Elizabeth GarthGreat-great-granddaughter
Hemings ChildrenUnacknowledged descendants

The Hemings children, whose lineage was long dismissed, are now recognized as part of the extensive Jefferson family tree. It’s a legacy marked by complexity, touching the lives of all Descendants of Thomas.

Sally Hemings Connection

Your understanding of the Jefferson family tree gains complexity with the inclusion of Sally Hemings’ descendants, embodying a legacy of secrecy and historical controversy. Sally, the daughter of Isham Randolph, was more than a mere footnote in history. The Sally Hemings connection extends deep into the roots of Jefferson’s lineage, challenging how you perceive his legacy.

Consider these critical points:

  • DNA evidence linked Jefferson directly to Hemings’ children.
  • The affair highlights the power imbalance in Jefferson’s era.
  • Sally Hemings’ children, including those rumored to be fathered by Jefferson’s nephew, Mann Randolph, reflect a tangled web of familial relations.

This revelation reshapes your view of the Jefferson family tree, intertwining the narratives of the enslaved and the enslaver.

Descendants and Legacy

Thomas Jefferson’s descendants have shaped not only your understanding of his personal legacy but also America’s broader historical narrative.

Jefferson was born into a world that he’d significantly influence, eventually becoming the third President of the United States. His legacy extends through his children and grandchildren, who carried the Jefferson name into new generations.

Martha Jefferson Randolph played a pivotal role in Virginia’s history, while other descendants like Ellen Monroe Bankhead and John Coles Carter added branches to the family tree.

The lives of these individuals and their offspring reflect the complexities and continuities of American history, intertwining personal stories with national developments. Their existences are testament to the lasting impact Thomas Jefferson has had on the nation’s past and present.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are There Thomas Jefferson Descendants?

Yes, you’re right to wonder; there are indeed descendants of Thomas Jefferson, confirmed through DNA evidence linking him to children fathered with his slave, Sally Hemings. It’s a complex, historical truth.

Who Are Thomas Jefferson’s Family Members?

You’re curious about Thomas Jefferson’s relatives—they include his wife Martha, their children, and the offspring from his relationship with Sally Hemings, whose descendants were confirmed by DNA evidence in the late 1990s.

What Is Thomas Jefferson’s Ancestry?

You’re curious about Jefferson’s roots, aren’t you? Well, his ancestry includes English and possibly Welsh lineage, with both sides of his family being influential in Virginia’s planter society.

Did Thomas Jefferson Have a Child?

Yes, DNA evidence suggests you’re right—Thomas Jefferson likely had at least one child with his slave, Sally Hemings, as their descendants’ genetic match supports the long-suspected paternity claims.


As you’ve traced the branches of Thomas Jefferson’s family tree, you’ve unraveled a complex narrative of American history. From Martha Jefferson to the enigmatic bond with Sally Hemings, you’ve seen how personal legacies intertwine with national tales.

Acknowledging the children of Monticello, you’ve grappled with the stark realities of slavery.

Now, reflecting on the descendants and their legacies, you’re left contemplating how the past shapes the stories we tell about ourselves and our nation.