Best DNA test for Hawaiians


Key Takeaways:

💡 AncestryDNA has 392 samples with Hawaii DNA, making it a good option for Hawaiians interested in identifying their genetic heritage.
💡 Hawaiian DNA is a mix of ancestry from different parts of the world, including Polynesians from Southeast Asia, Native Americans due to intermarriage, and European and African ancestry.
💡 The most common Y-chromosome haplogroup among Hawaiians is Haplogroup O, while the most common mtDNA haplogroups are A and B.
💡 Hawaii offers various genealogy resources, such as the Hawaii State Library, Kamehameha Schools Archives, and Hawaii State Archives, for researching family history.
💡 Hawaiian genetic traits are influenced by the Polynesian, European, and Asian origins of the population, with unique physical characteristics and a higher prevalence of certain diseases like diabetes.

Identifying your true genetic heritage relies heavily upon the number of reference samples in a given region, with AncestryDNA boasting an impressive 392 samples with Hawaii DNA. If you believe that your ancestral roots stretch to this area, I urge you to purchase their DNA test kit and explore the possibility!

This is the most accurate DNA test for your needs:

According to my ethnicity calculation (based on Principal Component Analysis), my family tree research, and database size investigation, currently (2023), the best DNA testing company is:

Hawaii DNA origins

Hawaiian DNA is a mix of ancestry from many different parts of the world. Studies have shown that Polynesians, who are thought to be the original settlers of Hawaii, have a genetic component that traces back to Southeast Asia. In addition, there’s evidence of Native American ancestry in Hawaii due to intermarriage between the two groups over time.

More recent studies have also identified European and African ancestry in Hawaii’s DNA. European ancestry can be traced to the whalers, fur traders, and missionaries who made their way to the islands beginning in the late 18th century. African ancestry likely comes from enslaved people brought over by those same individuals, though some might have come on their own.

Hawaii’s diverse mix of DNA reflects its unique history and makes it a fascinating place to study genetics. It’s also important to remember that Native Hawaiians have been subjected to decades of racism and mistreatment, so understanding their genetic makeup is key to properly honoring the culture and people of Hawaii.

Most common Y and mtDNA haplogroup in Hawaii

Hawaii is a remote archipelago located in the central Pacific Ocean, and its inhabitants are highly diverse. The native Hawaiian population has experienced its own unique genetic history, with a mix of Polynesian, Asian, and European ancestries. As such, there is considerable variety in the maternal lineages found among Hawaiians.

The most common Y-chromosome haplogroup among Hawaiians is Haplogroup O, which accounts for approximately 70% of the population. This lineage is believed to have originated in Southeast Asia, but has become widely dispersed throughout East and South Asia. It is present at high frequencies in many Polynesian populations, as well as in other parts of the Pacific.

The most common mtDNA haplogroups found among Hawaiians are A and B, accounting for an estimated 40% and 20% of the population respectively. These lineages are believed to have originated in East Asia and spread through both Polynesia and South America. This is similar to many other populations with shared Polynesian and Asian ancestries.

In addition to the Y-chromosome and mtDNA haplogroups, Hawaiians also possess a diverse range of other genetic lineages. These include European haplogroups such as R1a (11%), I2a (7%), and J2b (6%); Native American haplogroups such as A2 (4%), C1b (3%), and C1c (2%); and other Asian haplogroups such as N9a (6%) and R9a (3%).

Hawaii genealogy research and ancestry resources

Ancestry resources can be found throughout the islands, from small genealogy libraries to large family history centers. The Hawaii State Library is an excellent starting point for any genealogical search on the islands. It contains a vast collection of archival material including birth and death records, land grants, immigration and naturalization documents, tax rolls, and much more.

For those researching specific Hawaiian families, the Kamehameha Schools Archives are an invaluable resource. Located in Honolulu on the island of Oahu, it holds a wealth of information including genealogical records, newspaper clippings, and photographs related to the royal families of Hawaii. Additionally, many churches keep detailed records which can provide valuable insight into the histories of families in their congregation.

Another helpful resource is the Hawaii State Archives, which houses a wealth of vital records including birth and death certificates, marriage licenses, and divorce decrees. In addition to these public records, historians have compiled extensive databases of Hawaiian family trees available online. These can be used as a starting point for further research.

Finally, the Hawai’i State Public Library System has a collection of genealogy materials available to the public. They offer access to online databases, such as and HeritageQuest Online, along with other databases and reference books specifically related to Hawaiian genealogy. The library also provides personal assistance for those seeking help in their research.

No matter the family origins, researchers can find a wealth of information on their Hawaiian ancestry in these resources. With careful research, any heritage can be traced back to its roots in the islands. From small libraries to large archives, Hawaii has numerous options for genealogy research and exploration of families’ history.

Hawaii genetic traits

Hawaii’s genetic traits are influenced by a number of different cultures. The Hawaiian people are genetically related to the indigenous Polynesians, who arrived in the Hawaiian Islands more than 1,000 years ago. Since then, Hawaii has welcomed countless immigrants from all over the world, leaving an imprint on the genetic heritage of local people through intermarriage and cultural exchange.

Hawaiian genetic traits are varied and unique, reflecting the diverse origins of the islands’ inhabitants. Hawaiian people have inherited various physical traits from their Polynesian ancestors, such as dark skin and light-colored eyes. Hawaiians also tend to have shorter statures than those found in other Pacific Islander populations. Over generations, intermarriage with Europeans and Asians has caused further variation in physical characteristics.

Hawaiian people also share a unique genetic history with respect to certain diseases and illnesses. For example, the prevalence of diabetes is higher among Hawaiians than any other ethnic group in the United States. Additionally, Hawaiian individuals tend to be more prone to certain types of cancer and heart disease. Other hereditary conditions, such as lupus and thalassemia, are also common among the Hawaiian population.

Hawaii’s genetic heritage is an interesting mix of various cultures and influences. Not only is it an integral part of what makes Hawaii unique, but it also has implications for understanding the health risks associated with certain conditions. As Hawaii continues to welcome new generations of immigrants, this genetic diversity will only continue to grow. In the end, preserving and understanding Hawaiian genetic heritage is essential for making sure that the islands’ cultural identity is maintained for future generations.

Overall, the genetic traits of Hawaiians are reflective of a population that has been intricately intertwined with a variety of cultures. With its deep-rooted history, Hawaii remains a melting pot of genetics that continues to evolve to this day. It is only by understanding this unique genetic legacy that we can fully appreciate the beauty and complexity of the Hawaiian people.


Q: What is the best DNA test for Hawaiians?

A: The best DNA test for Hawaiians would be a test that specializes in Polynesian ancestry, as it can provide more accurate results for individuals with Polynesian heritage. According to our research, the best DNA test for Hawaiians is AncestryDNA.

Q: How can a DNA test determine Polynesian ancestry?

A: A DNA test analyzes the unique markers in an individual’s genetic code and compares them to a reference panel of samples from different populations around the world. By comparing the individual’s DNA to Polynesian reference samples, the test can determine the presence of Polynesian ancestry.

Q: What is Polynesian DNA?

A: Polynesian DNA refers to the genetic markers and traits that are unique to the Polynesian people, who are native to Polynesia, a region in the Pacific Ocean.

Q: Can a DNA test determine Hawaiian ancestry?

A: Yes, a DNA test can determine Hawaiian ancestry by identifying Polynesian markers in an individual’s genetic code. Polynesians are among the native peoples of Hawaii, so a positive Polynesian DNA result often indicates Hawaiian ancestry as well.

Q: How can a DNA test differentiate between Polynesian and Native American ancestry?

A: DNA tests can differentiate between Polynesian and Native American ancestry by comparing the genetic markers to reference panels that contain samples from both populations. These tests can identify the specific markers that are unique to each group.

Q: Which DNA testing companies specialize in Polynesian ancestry?

A: Some DNA testing companies that specialize in Polynesian ancestry include AncestryDNA, FamilyTreeDNA, and 23andMe. These companies have reference panels that include samples from Polynesia.

Q: Can a DNA test determine the specific Polynesian origins?

A: While a DNA test can identify Polynesian ancestry, it may not be able to pinpoint the specific Polynesian origins, such as Samoa or Tonga. The test can provide a general indication of Polynesian heritage but may not provide detailed information about specific islands or regions.

Q: What is a haplogroup in DNA testing?

A: A haplogroup is a genetic classification that helps determine an individual’s ancient ancestry and migration patterns. It is determined by specific markers on the Y-chromosome (for paternal haplogroups) or the mitochondrial DNA (for maternal haplogroups).

Q: Can a DNA test determine if I have Native Hawaiian ancestry?

A: Yes, a DNA test can determine if you have Native Hawaiian ancestry by identifying Polynesian markers in your genetic code. Native Hawaiians are a specific group within the larger Polynesian population.

Q: What can I do with my DNA results if I discover Polynesian ancestry?

A: If you discover Polynesian ancestry through a DNA test, you can use the results to explore your genealogy, connect with other individuals who share similar ancestry, and learn more about the history and culture of Polynesia.