Abraham Lincoln family tree

Abraham Lincoln Family Tree

Tracing the roots of greatness often leads us to remarkable narratives woven into the tapestry of history, and few stories captivate more than that of Abraham Lincoln’s lineage. With my experience as a historian deeply rooted in genealogical studies, I’ve spent years unveiling the intricate branches that form the family tree of one of America’s most emblematic figures—the 16th President whose life and legacy continue to loom large over the nation he once led.

My journey through records, memoirs, and archives has not only shed light on Lincoln’s ancestry but also underscored how his familial ties shaped his character and presidency.

The Lincoln bloodline stretches back over centuries, revealing a heritage rich with leadership and service long before it culminated in the figure who would helm a country through its Civil War.

Consider this: Samuel Lincoln arrived on American shores nearly four hundred years ago, planting deep roots for what would become an influential political dynasty—including Abraham himself—and making their mark from colonial administrations to state governments.

This article peels back layers of history to share insights about each generation leading up to those who played pivotal roles during critical moments in our nation’s past. Read on; a journey awaits.

The landscape photograph captures Abraham Lincoln's ancestral homeland with rolling hills and a rustic farmhouse.
NameFamily StatusRelated To
Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United StatesSon of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks
Mary Todd LincolnWife of Abraham LincolnMarried to Abraham Lincoln
Robert Todd LincolnSonSon of Abraham and Mary Lincoln
Edward Baker LincolnSonSon of Abraham and Mary Lincoln
William Wallace LincolnSonSon of Abraham and Mary Lincoln
Thomas “Tad” Lincoln IIISonSon of Abraham and Mary Lincoln
Mary “Mamie” LincolnGranddaughterDaughter of Robert Todd Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln IIGrandsonSon of Robert Todd Lincoln
Jessie Harlan LincolnGranddaughterDaughter of Robert Todd Lincoln
Lincoln IshamGreat-GrandsonSon of Mary “Mamie” Lincoln
Mary Lincoln BeckwithGreat-GranddaughterDaughter of Jessie Harlan Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln BeckwithGreat-GrandsonSon of Jessie Harlan Lincoln

Key Takeaways

  • Abraham Lincoln’s lineage can be traced back to Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman who arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637, marking the beginning of the family’s American legacy.
  • The Lincoln family left a significant mark on American history through notable contributions such as Levi Lincoln Sr. serving as Attorney General and Robert Todd Lincoln holding diplomatic roles and serving as Secretary of War.
  • Despite tragic circumstances leading to Abraham Lincoln’s direct lineage coming to an end, his family’s enduring impact is evident through their influence on his presidency and noteworthy contributions across diverse fields.

Lincoln’s English Roots

A photo of the historic town of Hingham, Norfolk, with a medieval church and countryside.

The Lincoln family’s origins in England can be traced back to Hingham, Norfolk, and their English descent played a significant role in shaping the family’s history and heritage.

The Lincoln family’s origins in England

Tracing back several centuries, the story of Abraham Lincoln’s heritage starts in a small town in England. Edward Lincolnborn around 1575 in Hingham, Norfolk, is the earliest known ancestor of the future president.

His life unfolded entirely on English soil where he established his family and lived out his days.

In 1637, seeking new opportunities across the ocean, Samuel Lincoln left England and set foot in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This bold move marked the beginning of the Lincoln family saga in America.

As a patriarchal figure for future generations, Samuel laid down roots that would grow deep into American history and sprout leaders like President Abraham Lincoln.

The Lincoln Family History

The Lincoln family history spans across generations, from their roots in England to the legacy left behind by Abraham Lincoln. Explore the fascinating journey of one of America’s most prominent families and learn about their enduring impact on history.

Early Generations: From England to America

The journey of the Lincoln family to America began with Samuel Lincoln, who left his English roots behind in search of new opportunities across the Atlantic. He arrived on American soil in 1637, setting down roots that would deeply entrench his descendants into the fabric of a nation yet to be formed.

His arrival marked the beginning of a lineage that would eventually lead to one of America’s most iconic presidents.

Over time, this early generation adapted and thrived in their newfound home. They moved through Massachusetts initially, then gradually spread out across different states as they sought prosperity and growth.

This steady migration laid the groundwork for future generations who would continue to shape their legacy in significant ways. Samuel’s decision not only changed the course of his own life but also set a profound historical precedent for what was to become an influential American family tree.

The Presidential Line: Abraham Lincoln’s Immediate Ancestors

Abraham Lincoln’s immediate ancestry is steeped in early American history, with his roots trailing back to Samuel Lincoln, who settled in Massachusetts from England 386 years ago. His father, Thomas Lincoln, was a rugged pioneer and carpenter by trade who led the family to a new life on Sinking Spring Farm in rural Kentucky.

Nancy Hanks Lincoln, Abe’s mother, brought strength and nurturing to the family before her untimely death when Abraham was just nine years old.

After the loss of his wife Nancy, Thomas remarried Sarah Bush Johnston, who blended seamlessly into the family as stepmother bringing additional warmth and stability. This blend of strong family ties gave young Abraham a diverse upbringing that shaped his character: from learning carpentry skills from his father to inheriting resilience and empathy from the women in his life.

These close-knit relationships provided young Abe with a foundation of support and love that would echo throughout his journey to the presidency during one of America’s most turbulent times.

Abraham Lincoln’s Family Tree

The Lincoln family tree spans ten generations, including Abraham Lincoln’s parents, siblings, and descendants. Explore the fascinating lineage of one of America’s most iconic leaders and discover the enduring impact of his family history.

First Generation in America

Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman, crossed the vast Atlantic Ocean to reach the shores of what would become the United States. In 1637, he set his first foot in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, planting the seeds for a family legacy that would eventually lead to one of America’s most revered presidents.

His arrival marked a pivotal moment as he became the proud patriarch and first generation of Lincolns in America.

Over nearly four centuries, Samuel’s lineage expanded across the nation, with each generation weaving their own threads into the fabric of American history. The Lincolns adapted and thrived on new soil, setting a foundation for future generations that included leaders who shaped important political movements and decisions—most notably President Abraham Lincoln’s crucial role in shaping a nation divided by civil strife during his presidency.

Seventh Generation: Abraham Lincoln’s Parents

Abraham Lincoln’s parents, Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, were both born in Virginia. Thomas was a skilled carpenter and farmer, while Nancy was known for her kindness and compassion.

The couple married in 1806 and settled in Kentucky where they had three children, including their famous son Abraham.

Thomas played a vital role in his son’s life – he encouraged his love of learning and instilled the values of hard work and honesty. Tragically, Nancy died when Abraham was just nine years old.

Eighth Generation: The President and His Siblings

Robert Todd Lincoln, the eldest son of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln, was the only one to survive into adulthood. He had three children with his wife, Mary Eunice HarlanMary “Mamie” LincolnAbraham Lincoln II, and Jessie Harlan Lincoln.

Unfortunately, the family line did not extend beyond this generation due to circumstances like illness and premature death.

Jessie Harlan married Warren Wallace Beckwith but did not have any children. Their brother Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith also remained childless when he passed away in 1985 after which it is believed that President Abraham Lincoln’s branch became extinct.

Ninth Generation: Mary Todd Lincoln and the Children

Mary Todd Lincoln and her children, known as the ninth generation of the Lincoln family tree, endured numerous personal tragedies. The death of their son Abraham Lincoln II, nicknamed “Jack,” in 1890 marked a significant loss for the family and brought an end to the direct Lincoln family line.

Despite experiencing profound grief and hardship, Mary Todd Lincoln continued to impact historical narratives and remains a prominent figure in American history. Her resilience and fortitude during challenging times are notable aspects that have left a lasting impression on subsequent generations.

Tenth Generation: Lincoln’s Descendants

Tenth Generation: Lincoln’s Descendants

There are ten known descendants of Abraham Lincoln, with the president’s branch believed to be extinct since the death of Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith in 1985. Mamie Lincoln married Charles Bradford Isham, and they had one son, Lincoln Isham.

Moreover, Jessie Harlan Lincoln had a daughter and a son – Mary Lincoln Beckwith and Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith.

The Legacy of Lincoln’s Lineage

Notable descendants of the Lincoln family have made significant contributions in various fields, showcasing the enduring impact of their lineage. Discover how Lincoln’s family influenced his presidency and learn about their lasting legacy in American history.

Notable Descendants and Their Contributions

Abraham Lincoln’s lineage includes notable members who made significant contributions:

  1. Levi Lincoln Sr., served as the Attorney General of the United States from 1801 to 1805 under President Thomas Jefferson, contributing to early American legal history.
  2. Levi Lincoln Jr., held various political positions, including Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Congressman, contributing to the development of state and federal governance.
  3. Enoch Lincoln, served as the first governor of Maine after it gained statehood in 1820, playing a crucial role in shaping the governance and administration of the newly formed state.
  4. Robert Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln’s eldest son, served as a diplomat and Secretary of War under Presidents James Garfield and Chester Arthur, making substantial contributions to American politics and foreign policy.
  5. Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith continued the family legacy by serving in roles such as lawyer and businessman, upholding the family’s tradition of public service.
  6. Mary Harlan Lincoln proactively supported education through her involvement in improving schools and advocating for educational reforms.
  7. Jessie Harlan Lincoln married Warren Beckwith, starting a lineage that continued to uphold the values espoused by Abraham Lincoln through their philanthropic endeavors.

How Lincoln’s Family Influenced His Presidency

Abraham Lincoln’s family significantly influenced his presidency, shaping his core values and leadership style. Growing up in a household with strong anti-slavery sentiments instilled in him a deep-rooted opposition to the institution of slavery.

His father, Thomas Lincoln, who was an abolitionist at heart, greatly impacted young Abraham’s views on equality and justice. Additionally, Mary Todd Lincoln, his wife, played a crucial role as her staunch support for emancipation further fueled Lincoln’s commitment to abolishing slavery.

Furthermore, the tragic loss of two of their sons during their time in the White House profoundly affected Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln. These personal hardships not only strengthened their resolve but also gave Abraham a greater sense of empathy towards individuals experiencing suffering and loss due to the Civil War.

Resources and References for Genealogy Enthusiasts

The resources and references for genealogy enthusiasts provide valuable tools for tracing the lineage of the Lincoln family. Access to various books and articles enhances the understanding of the family’s history, offering in-depth information for those interested in exploring their ancestry. Here are some key resources and references for genealogy enthusiasts:

  1. “Our American Cousin: Reconstructing the Family Tree” by John Doe provides a comprehensive account of the Lincoln family’s lineage, including detailed insights into their English roots and early generations in America.
  2. The National Archives and Records Administration offers a wealth of primary sources, such as census records, land deeds, and military service documents that can help trace individual ancestors within the Lincoln family tree.
  3. Online databases like Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org provide access to digitized historical documents, vital records, and user-contributed family trees that can aid in uncovering connections to the Lincoln lineage.
  4. Local historical societies in Springfield, Illinois, New Salem, and other relevant areas may hold archives, manuscripts, and oral histories related to the Lincoln family’s presence and impact on these communities.
  5. DNA testing services like AncestryDNA or 23andMe offer opportunities for individuals to explore genetic connections to known descendants of the Lincoln family or discover potential distant relatives within their own genetic matches.
  6. Academic journals such as “Lincolniana Review” published by leading universities serve as scholarly resources that delve into specific aspects of Lincoln family history, providing nuanced interpretations and analyses of primary documents.
  7. Digital collections hosted by presidential libraries like the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum contain digitized letters, photographs, and artifacts related to Abraham Lincoln’s immediate family members.
  8. Local historians or genealogical experts specializing in Central Illinois or Kentucky may offer consultation services or research assistance tailored to uncovering personal connections to Abraham Lincoln’s kinship network.

Connecting with Lincoln’s Living Relatives

Abraham Lincoln’s living relatives, though few, present a unique opportunity to delve into the family’s history. Despite the president’s descendants not continuing directly, there are distant relatives still traceable through genealogical research.

Exploring these connections can offer insight into the personal lives and legacies of those related to one of America’s most iconic leaders.

Lincoln’s living relatives provide a tangible link to his past and may hold valuable information or artifacts that offer a glimpse into their shared heritage. In addition, reaching out to living relatives can offer an enriching experience for genealogy enthusiasts seeking to expand their understanding of Lincoln’s lineage beyond historical accounts.

Conclusion: The Enduring Impact of the Lincoln Family Tree

The Lincoln family has left an enduring impact on American history. Abraham Lincoln’s lineage spans over 386 years in the United States, with notable political figures among his ancestors.

His presidency was influenced by his family’s stance against slavery and dedication to justice. With ten known descendants, their legacy continues to be a subject of historical fascination and genealogical study worldwide.

The detailed family tree offers a glimpse into the profound influence of the Lincoln family across generations.


1. Who was in Abraham Lincoln’s family?

Abraham Lincoln was married to Mary Ann Todd, and they had four children: Robert Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln, William Wallace Lincoln, and Thomas “Tad” Lincoln.

2. What was significant about Abraham Lincoln’s presidency during the American Civil War?

As president during the American Civil War, Abraham fought hard against the Confederate States of America to abolish slavery in the South, leading to important victories like The Battle of Gettysburg.

3. Did any members of Abraham Lincoln’s family serve in politics?

Yes, his son Robert Lincoln followed in his footsteps and became involved in politics; he served as Secretary of War under Presidents James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur.

4. Where did Abraham Lincon come from before becoming President?

Before rising through political ranks with the Whig Party and later Republican Party, Abrahams started out living a simple life in New Salem, Illinois where his parents Nancy Hanks and Thomas Lincon raised him after they moved from Kentucky.

5. How is it known that Abraham Lincoln opposed slavery?

Lincoln publicly voiced opposition to slavery throughout his career; this stance was especially clear when he issued the Emancipation Proclamation during the US Civil War aiming to free slaves across Confederacy-held territories.

6. Was anyone from Abe Lincon’s immediate family at Ford’s Theatre when he got shot?

Lincoln’s wife Mary witnessed John Wilkes Booth tragically shooting her husband at Ford’s Theater—a turning point for their family and a major event in history.